The age and stages of child development

Importance of the role of parents in child development

 Heredity: Heredity is the transmission of physical characteristics from parents to childhood through genes. It influences all aspects of physical appearance such as height, weight, body structure, color of the eyes, the textile of the hair, even intelligence and aptitudes. 

Familial influence: Families have the most profound factor to develop a child psychologically & socially. Where they grow up by their parents, grandparents or foster care, they need love, care & healthy functional individuals. Families give time, play with them, and converse with them. It’s helpful to raise a child. Those families  who neglect children, affect their positive development. Children observe their parent interaction and how arguments settle in family. It helps them to enrich their values to solve their crucial moment. The child learns how they behave with others, choosing the right friend a lot more.

Environment: some of the environmental factors influencing child development. 

A good school & loving family gives strong excel in other extra-curricular activities. Child development is a dynamic, interactive process. Children grow up with different cultures and get different values from the environment. Language is one of the main issues to develop a child.

Nutrition,exercise & health: nutrition is an important factor in growth the body needs to build up itself comes from the food. We eat a lack of nutrition that makes diseases grow & develop in children. A balanced diet food that is rich in vitamins, minerals, proteins, carbohydrates & fats is essential for development of the brain. Here exercise does not mean physical exercise, children deliberately engaging in physical activities. Normal playtime & sport activities give in muscular strength & put on bone mass. Outdoor play prevents different types of allergies. The right diet and growing in a healthy environment through play and learning.

 Encourage conversation:the story of the whole day enriches their communication skill. The words start conversation and can encourage their activities such as counting & colours.

Creating connection: the images or picture children can understand the words, simultaneously connecting with the meaning of the picture. It helps them enrich their vocabulary.

Creative thinking & imagination for child development: Einstein said,”imagination is more important than knowledge”. Imagination is the door to possibilities. Children can express their creativity. They get opportunities to learn different things by blocks, puzzles, cupboards, vehicles, dolls.

Imagination fosters cognitive and social development. In early childhood education, critical thinking skills and creative problem- solving abilities are goals for children’s development.

Mental development: parenting styles help the children learn innovatively, accepting failures and overcoming, understanding discipline, accepting feedback and award -punishment concept. 

Spiritual development: Understanding religion, prayer, knowing right from the wrong, being empathetic, having the right critical values, valuing your parents and goal- setting liberates the free spirits in children. Parents should teach children to be more accepting. Try not to confirm them to any particular religion and let them explore spirituality on their own.

Encourage art activities: children should be involved with colour, drawing, painting, making art & craft.it gives them new ideas. 

 Some useful parenting tips to make your child’s growing years worthy

Be positive: children can easily sense negativity. Encourage your child to participate in small household work. Give them teach how to be creative and solve problems with a positive attitude.

Communicate effectively: in every conversation make sure to think of the child’s perspective and express themselves. Remember positive feedback is always better than negative punishment or blame.

Routine: a good routine can help set goal habits for the future. Encourage your child to have family meals together and teach him the importance of spending quality time with family members.

Talk to a child: hard work gives immense satisfaction, makes your child value honesty, honesty especially when it comes to matters that involve relationships and money. Also include your child’s sense of responsibility. You must create an environment that motivates your child to participate, educate, and practise all the good habits you want him to inculcate.

As this article has shown, children continue to grow and to change in amazing ways as they move from toddlerhood to school-age. During the Preoperational stage, between ages 2 to 7 years, young children continue to grow taller as their bodies take on more adult proportions. They gain the ability to run and to climb stairs independently, as well as to cut with scissors and to grip a writing tool. Cognitively, young children learn how to think symbolically, which leads to make-believe play, and their language explodes and matures. Emotionally, children learn how to express their own feelings and to feel reflective empathy. Socially, they begin to cultivate relationships with peers as well as deepen family relationships. Morally, they begin to understand “right” versus “wrong,” and to understand they have the choice about which way to go. Sexually, young children continue to form their gender identity and begin to understand what it means to be male or female.

Beyond just understanding how young children are growing and developing during these early years, parents also need practical, everyday knowledge on how to care for their children and how to meet their needs. More information on Parenting can be found in our corresponding article on Parenting Skills for the Preoperational Level.

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